This is the most up to date information, we have as of Jan. 6, 2014 at 8:15 am Central Time.
- (Jan. 6) Pres. Omar Bashir of Sudan is meeting with Pres. Salva Kiir of South Sudan in Juba today to discuss the crisis.
- (Jan. 5) The Government of South Sudan is fighting to retake Bor from the rebels.
- (Jan. 5) A General in the South Sudan Army, Abraham Jongroor Deng, was killed in an ambush.
- (Jan 5.) Peace negotiations are scheduled to begin today with the sole agenda item of ending hostilities. The rebels are refusing to come to the table until the leaders arrested on December 16 are freed and allowed to come to the talks.
- (Jan. 5) Report of fighting ongoing in Unity State.
- (Jan. 4-5) Reports of gunfire or even “heavy fighting” occurring at points during the evening and night in or near military barracks in the capitol, Juba, and in Yei, a town on the Ugandan border. No reliable information is available as to the nature or extent of the gunfire or fighting. There is an unconfirmed report that soldiers in Yei may have defected to the rebel side (@ougasam).
- (Jan. 3) The US has evacuated most embassy personnel from Juba.
- (Jan 3) Reports are that the South Sudan Army was ambushed on the way to Bor suffering significant casualties. Riek Machar stated that the rebels will reach Juba soon.
- The South Sudan Army will again attempt to retake Bor and confront the White Army there instead of Juba.
- If the White Army wins in Bor, Juba may be attacked soon afterwards. The distance is not far.
- If the White Army fails in Bor it will be because thousands have been killed.
- If Juba is attacked, many more thousands will be killed.
- Uganda will become involved much more substantially if the threat against Juba increases. Right now Uganda is largely on the sideline. Museveni will not allow Juba to fall without engaging in the fight and using the full weight of his military including air power.
- This conflict seems to have begun with a power struggle within the leadership of the SPLM.
- Whether or not there was a coup in process at the start of this conflict (Riek Machar denies it), there is now an insurrection involving several military leaders and demands for the ouster of the President under threat of violence at the hands of the military. By definition there is currently a coup attempt in process, though the scope of this event makes that term irrelevant. This is on the scale of a civil war involving thousands, if not tens of thousands, of soldiers on both sides. East African leaders will not accept a coup in South Sudan.
- Riek Machar has said that he only wants to run in the next elections. However, at this point, he is leading a rebel group seeking to take over the country.
- Several leading figures of the SPLM are currently being held under arrest including former party leader Pagan Amum.
- No oil will flow from South Sudan until the conflict ends and foreign workers can return to work.
- Unmanned wells will deteriorate rapidly and require significant reconstruction before long, resulting in a major delay, perhaps months long, for the renewal of the oil flow and costing the nation billions of dollars in revenue resulting in a certain economic crisis following even an immediate end to this crisis and a worsening one the longer it continues.
- The only possibility of democracy returning to South Sudan in the near future: i.e. months, not weeks, would be for the sides to agree to a cease fire soon. The longer this conflict goes on and the more people die, the worse the animosity will be afterwards and the more difficulty it will be to work together in a democratic nation.
- Ethnic based killings and other human rights violations have occurred.
- The refugee situation in South Sudan is extreme with tens of thousands of people displaced and existing refugee camps in areas of conflict.
- Peace talks in Ethiopia have just begun. Failure of the peace talks will have catastrophic consequences.
Posted in South Sudan, SPLA, SPLM, Uncategorized, United Nations
Tagged Bor, Civil War, Coup, juba, kiir, machar, South Sudan, South Sudan Crisis, spla, SPLM
This is from a speech given by Dr. John Garang on the occasion of the signing of the Nairobi Declaration, June 5, 2004. Dr. John’s words need no commentary. They are obviously applicable to the events ongoing today in both Sudan and South Sudan:
There are many – here and elsewhere – who think that peace is about job allocation, is about apportionment of positions of authority, is about lining pockets through misuse or abuse of public assets, or is about lording it over others. Those who thus think must be reading from a different script than mine.
We have more supreme goals and loftier ideals and alternatives. My script reads that peace is what people think and believe peace should hold for them. Peace to my mind and in the depth of my soul is a promise of better living to the young, the middle aged and the aged, to each individual, to the unemployed and the destitute, to the sick and the unlettered, all over Sudan. It is also a promise to the men and women of Southern Sudan, the Nuba Mountains, Southern Blue Nile, Abyei, Eastern Sudan and other marginalized areas of Sudan who suffered in dignified silence the loss of their dear ones in the war of liberation or who felt and still do feel a sense of helplessness and hopelessness, a promise that we shall never betray the cause for which those martyrs have made the ultimate sacrifice. And theirs is a cause for better and more honorable living.
It is also a promise to martyrs and to those who lost their dear ones on the other side,
a promise that just and honorable peace
shall heal all the wounds
that we have inflicted
on ourselves on both sides.
Posted in South Sudan, SPLA, SPLM, Uncategorized
Tagged Civil War, John Garang, juba, kiir, machar, Peace, South Sudan, spla, SPLM, Unity